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sudan elections 2010:hopes and Obstacles

Sudan is Africa’s largest country and has 41 million inhabitants. The country is deeply divided along ethnic and religious lines.
Throughout Africa’s longest civil war, lived from 1983 to 2005 between North and South Sudan. The conflict in Darfur has not yet been resolved. Also in eastern Sudan, there has sometimes been uneasy.
Keeping the weekend, the first free elections at the national level in 24 years. There shall be elected president, parliament and governors.
Opposition parties threaten boycott because they believe President Omar al-Bashir has provided to manipulate the election results to ensure re-election.

With different voting systems in different parts of the country, nearly 80 different parties to choose from and both ten and twelve different ballots to keep track of.
Sudanese President Hassan al-Bashir has run an unusually active campaigning the last time and has crossed their country in all directions to meet voters and promise that the election which begins Sunday, will be both free and fair.
Exemplary, is stamped the President himself set it several days before boxs opens.
Because, he says, the choice is a religious duty. Just like everything else his regime are doing and implementing. A religious duty.

The hope of President Bashir is that he will secure for himself and his regime more legitimacy through elections. Bashir, who came to power in a military coup in 1989 and is wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes in Darfur. believe Bashir that a rolling owner can be a great message to send back to Criminal Court.

It is not good enough guarantee for those who sit outside the Sudan and can confirm that it spans the left, the country is now trying to wind up the first real election in a quarter century.
Or rather “choices”, for there should not only be elected president, but also national and regional leaders.
The report that the UN representative has given the UN Security Council in advance,
U.S. cautiously reluctant criticism her, not to destroy the crucial referendum on the future of southern Sudan next year.
But UN Ambassador Susan Rice has appealed to Sudan to postpone the election, now only partially will be watched by international observers. For in Darfur is the tension so great that the EU has found it irresponsible to be kept and therefore separated from their observers.
Several million internal refugees in Darfur are not even registered as voters and do something valresultat in the region virtually meaningless.

The conflict in Darfur has also made the SPLM, the main political group in southern Sudan, has decided to boycott all elections this week. Previously, both the SPLM and opposition Umma Party presidential candidates pulled their.

It is a complicated exercise Khartoum regime will have an inexperienced Chooser base to go ahead in Africa’s largest country.

In Darfur voters declared a military enemy of at least one of the rebel groups, and the nervousness of unrest and violence can be understood large.

But even if observers disappears and the main opposition candidates boycott election, the UN is still in place and provides votting assistance.

That Bashir wins, there is little doubt. He has control over the army and police, and he checks in practice the media.
But campaigning has given small glimpse of political debate and spelerom. The opposition has been given permission to speak on TV, and it has been light in the newspaper censorship.
But when it was attempted to allow demonstrators protest outside the offices of election , not the police managed to stay longer and struck with the arrests.


Monday was the second election day. Already around the clock 08.00 were people queuing outside election offices. It was in the Sudanese capital Khartoum. Many of them had ever tried to vote the day before. But they had not done it. Therefore, they were early. Sunday was the big delay in the election.

So far, there has been no serious violent incidents, according to police in Sudan. What many fear beforehand.

SPLM demands that the election will be extended. They believe it should be extended from three to seven days. Monday, they had still not received any reply.
In Southern Sudan opened many election offices late. Lists of those who could vote were switched. Elsewhere, they were completely gone.
- There were big problems at the opening of the election – In the south, many see the election exercise to folk vote next year.
The first election results are expected 18 April.

refrences

1. Norwegian people aid reports
2.BBC news
3. Los angles times


Mid East Youth

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